EMS Preparedness

Field EMS: Saving Lives in Disaster and Mass Casualty Response

EMS systems and providers are an integral component of each state’s emergency response system and are also a critical element of our nation’s disaster and mass casualty response infrastructure. The vital role played by EMS in the Boston Marathon bombings, Texas fertilizer plant explosion, Hurricane Sandy, and the Aurora and Tucson shootings, illustrates the significance of EMS in saving lives in the worst of circumstances.

Field EMS: An Essential Public Function

All levels of government share a responsibility to ensure quality and effective emergency medical preparedness and response for everyday and catastrophic events. Local governments are responsible for ensuring the availability and provision of everyday life-saving field EMS – either directly, or on a contractual or volunteer basis. 

Resources:




CategoryTitleDescription
Natural DisasterLessons Learned from Hurricane Sandy & Recommendations for Improved Healthcare & Public Health Response & Recovery for Future Catastrophic EventsA research project developed to evaluate how the healthcare system was negatively affected in preparation for, during, and after Hurricane Sandy.
Mass Casualty IncidentImproving Active Shooter/ Hostile Event ResponseAddressing the improvement of active shooter/hostile event response.
WebsiteAmerican College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP)Bombings: Injury Patterns and Care
WebsiteStop The BleedStop The Bleed Campaign
WebsiteFirst Responder Network AuthorityFIRSTNET
WebsiteCenters for Disease Control and PreventionEmergency Preparedness and Response
WebsiteEmergency Medical Services for Children, Innovation and Improvement Center Communities of Practice
WebsiteDepartment of Health and Human Service, Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) – Public Health EmergencyTRACIE
WebsiteDepartment of Health and Human Service, Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) – Public Health EmergencyPublic Health Emergency
WebsiteNational Highway Traffic Safety Administrations (NHTSA)Preparedness
WebsiteNational Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Disasters and Emergencies
WebsiteFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)Training
WebsiteFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)Ready Responders
WebsiteFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)National Incident Management System
Mass Casualty IncidentFire/Emergency Medical Services Department Operational Considerations and Guide for Active Shooter and Mass Casualty IncidentsPublic Safety resources to handle AS/MCI scenarios.
Mass Casualty IncidentNational Implementation of the Model Uniform Core Criteria for Mass Casualty Incident TriageThe Model Uniform Core Criteria (MUCC) for Mass Casualty Triage is a science and consensus based national guideline that recommends 24 core criteria for all mass casualty triage systems.
General Operation and PolicyNational Survey on EMS Preparedness for Disaster and Mass Casualty Incident ResponseTo understand perceptions regarding the level of readiness to respond to large disasters and mass casualty situations.
General Operation and Policy2017-2022 Health Care Preparedness and Response CapabilitiesOutlining the high-level objectives that the nation’s health care delivery system should undertake to prepare for, respond to, and recover from emergencies.
General Operation and PolicyHealth Security Memos to the New Administration and CongressAddressing the consequences that follow disasters and epidemics.
Mass Casualty IncidentHealth & Medical Response to Active Shooter & Bombing EventsAddressing quick access and hemorrhage control of penetrating trauma and blast injuries can kill rapidly.
General Operation and PolicyNational Response Framework, Third EditionThe National Response Framework is a guide to how the Nation responds to all types of disasters and emergencies.
General Operation and PolicyA White Paper by The National Homeland Security ConsortiumCreating awareness of emerging challenges to bring forth to the attention of our elected officials and the nation’s homeland security leaders.
General Operation and PolicyEnsuring the Health of Children in DisastersAddressing the unique needs of children in all aspects of disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.
Mass Casualty IncidentHartford Consensus IIIThe overarching principles of intentional mass-casualty and active shooter events.
Mass Casualty IncidentFirst Responder Guide for Improving Survivability in Improvised Explosive Device and/or Active Shooter IncidentsA Federal, multi-disciplinary first responder guidance translating evidence-based response strategies from the U.S. military into the civilian first responder environment.
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